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RSR ROBBINS Research - British Columbia Politics March 15, 2012
  Mar 15, 2012

Question #1
Which political party label provided do you support at this particular point in time?
BC New Democrat    29 %
BC Liberal    24 %
Neither of these two party labels    33 %
Undecided    7.5 %
No Participate    1 %
Question #2
In your opinion do BC provincial politicians inspire you as a citizen of the province?
Yes    18 %
No    65 %
Question #3
Would you like to see Christy Clark become Premier of British Columbia?
Yes    6 %
No    48 %
I am unsure who Christy Clark is    28.5 %
Undecided/Can’t Answer    16 %
Question #4
Do you support the HST?
Yes    28.5 %
No    66 %
Question #5
At this particular point in time would you seriously consider voting for a brand new 3rd political party in British Columbia that is NOT the BC NDP or BC Liberals?
Yes    32 %
No    31 %
Undecided    37 %
No participate    1 %
Question #6
Would you like to see Bill Vander Zalm become Premier of British Columbia?
Yes*    16 %
No    52 %
Undecided/Can’t Answer    30 %
No participate* (gross 20% - see Observations-)    2 %
Question #7
From the following responses provided which best describes how your voting decision making would likely apply in regard to considering whether or not to vote for a gay premier?
The fact that the candidate was gay would most likely be a factor    17 %
The fact that the candidate was gay would likely be a factor    23 %
The fact that the candidate was gay would most likely NOT be a factor    38 %
The fact that the candidate was gay would likely NOT be a factor    18 %
Question #8
Do you fully trust the regular mainstream news to provide you with full and unbiased information on the political scene in British Columbia?
Yes    21 %
No    58 %
Commentary
Only two-thirds of BC voters who voted either BC Liberal or BC NDP in the 2009 general provincial election, support either of those two parties “at this particular point in time” according to this ROBBINS Sce Research public opinion poll - “The most accurate public opinion pollster in the World.” The BC Liberals are realizing higher support in the North and Interior and very little support on Vancouver Island.
Mainstream On-Line pollster - Angus Reid published a poll prior to Christy Clark entering the race for the BC Liberal leadership this week - suggesting that BC Liberals and BC NDP were at 36% each or controlled 72% total of respondents, a significantly more positive outcome for the two main political parties, than this ROBBINS poll which suggests only 53% among 2009 provincial voters, when these parties attracted over 86% in that election.
We believe that in a vacuum where the two main leaders of the two main political parties in the province - any responses featuring those same two parties ought to be provided against another response “Neither of these two party labels” in order to provide eligible respondents with an invitation away from those two parties, particularly with the resignation of Gordon Campbell and bone low support for him - and the plummeting support for Carole James prior to her most recent resignation---to understand that its okay to say “No” to both. This is after all the base line question in the poll and it is important we believe to let the respondents know they have free reign to inform us as to how they are seeing the current political scene. When the parties are offered via status quo response options , this could encourage some respondents to provide a status quo answer that they might believe the solicitor of the information wants to hear (ie BC Liberal/BC NDP). All of our polling over the coming weeks will provide this type of ‘insurance’ of honest response to avoid any potential improper inflating of support for the 2 main parties lest we drown in the same swirl of manipulation for money and popcorn (entertainment) polls designed and presented in our professional opinion to maintain the charge of one or both of the two main parties, namely the BC Liberals and/or BC NDP, and away from other political parties who might desire wholesale change of the political establishment, made more possible in such a large political vacuum.
Most recent evidence of this is the push by some in the mainstream media to bait/encourage those MLA’s (Members of the Legislative Assembly) currently sitting as Independents to get something started. To the mainstream media, this is more comforting and easier to deal with than the BC Conservatives or BC First controlled by Chris Delaney and others loyal to the looming figure of former BC premier Bill Vander Zalm. With this in mind, I find it odd that Bill Bennett wouldn’t seriously consider the BC First Party and Vicki Huntington the BC Conservative Party. Now is the time to do it - or over the next four to six weeks. (Wait and see when Vander Zalm et al hand in their test results).
(21.5%) of Decided British Columbia “citizens-voters” in this poll are currently “inspired” by “BC provincial politicians”. This underscores somewhat our professional view that support for the two main parties is rapidly declining and the desire for new political blood is increasing. What is at issue is what activity will best fill this vast space in the public opinion domain. Can the BC NDP and BC Liberals get back the attention of the voters to their policies or will widespread fighting for power further balkanize the public’s interest in them - and provoke a greater interest in parties such as the BC Conservative or dark horse BC First parties? There is some correlation with the inspiration question and the outcome on trust voters have in mainstream news -- which continues to drop.
Lastly, there is evidence in this ROBBINS poll that only one in three British Columbians are against a brand new 3rd party in the province - when over one half support either of the 2 main political parties, the BC Liberal or the BC New Democrats. There are supporters from these 2 main parties who are either considering a new 3rd party or are Undecided about it.
Bad news for the BC Liberals and BC NDP.
(6%) of BC voters (from raw data), or a best case scenario average of (9.4%) of all voters who- know -who BC Liberal leadership candidate Christy Clark IS - support her as “Premier of British Columbia”. Of those “voters” who responded either “Yes” or “No” (11%) of them support Christy Clark for “Premier of British Columbia.” From anecdote, not all respondents have synthesized that winning the BC Liberal leadership equals Premier of BC for Christy. To wit: some may not mind her for BC Liberal leader - but don’t see her as Premier of BC material. The anecdotal evidence of this follows the high “No” response to Christy for Premier. The vast majority of voters in this ROBBINS poll simply don’t accept Christy as leader of the province. Christy’s only hope for success would be to convince respondents who don’t know who she is or Undecided to her side. The difficulty for her here is that many Undecided in the Christy for Premier question don’t appear to support a gay Premier - and many who don’t know who she is - know who Bill Vander Zalm and some of them support him for Premier--resulting in less room for Christy to grow against a huge backdrop of British Columbians who just don’t like her or don’t want her to be Premier (and anything else for some).
I would estimate that the very best case scenario for Christy Clark - after factoring out respondents who did not select “Yes” or “No” for logical reasons - is that 13% of British Columbia voters support her for Premier. The pressure against her numbers moving upward will only increase as New Democrats enter the beauty contest and take attention from her. Christy’s structural support (sitting MLA’s) is weak and her reason for being is based on large part in her ability to attract attention to herself, more so than her policies and certainly more than her intellectual acumen - her political troubles evidently constitute a larger pile than her political blue sky does--- in our professional opinion.
Beyond some of the more glaring ‘store bought’ hype and shrill ‘popcorn polls’ of the corporations - we assume that Christy knows what we know is true, and knowing what we also now is true--- that Christy’s issues aren’t with the general voter in BC, but more with those in the general public inclined to vote BC Liberal - some who vote BC NDP or Conservative - but even beyond that criteria, with those who decide the BC Liberal leadership--the members. If the general public matters - than these numbers ought to matter to the BC Liberal party and to Christy Clark’s candidacy, as well as to the candidacy of other BC Liberal hopefuls and New Democrats at least to this point as it concerns Christy Clark, BC Liberal leadership hopeful. We believe the general public matters to Christy Clark’s campaign, only to the extent she wants to make herself viable to voting BC Liberal members and to the extent she can brand the BC Liberal Party with a federal Liberal agenda.
(53.5%) of “voters” who support the BC Liberals (Q#1) responded “No” to Christy Clark for “Premier”. (20.6%) of “voters” who support the BC Liberal party “at this particular point in time” responded “Yes” to Christy Clark. (4%) of BC Liberal supporters in this ROBBINS poll do not know who Christy Clark is. With BC Liberal support around one in five voters and nearly 3 in 10 not knowing who Christy Clark is - that means that the number of voters who support the BC Liberal party and who don’t know who Christy is approximates (57%) of the overall voting public who does not know who Christy is.
(2%) of all NDP supporters (Q#1) respond to “Yes” to Christy Clark for Premier of BC. This puts the (6%) of the “Yes” respondents for Christy Clark into some residual question, as it is possible that these NDP respondents who supported Christy Clark may want her to be premier in the short term for their benefit in the long term. Although a sub group of the larger respondent groupings, these respondents want to be seriously considered because it could also mean Christy attracts New Democrat supporters for the BC Liberal party - which could present issues with more Conservative candidates in the BC Liberal leadership race like Kevin Falcon and George Abbott who might view this possibility-- as potentially beneficial to Christy and not beneficial to the party.
If Clark is able to attract federal Liberals who support the New Democrats provincially she increased the Liberal side of the tent in the BC Liberal party and decreases the New Democratic totals corresponding - however she also provokes the BC Conservative and possibly the BC First the more ‘nationalistic’ political party of the group. This information makes Christy very vulnerable to her leadership rivals who know that if they are able to define Christy to those who don’t presently know who she is -- and ensure they don’t support her - they reduce her ability to grow to almost zero by turning 10% of the voting public against her - who are not already against her -------for BC Liberal leader and Premier.
The further sub group evidence of this emerging ‘design’ is the fact that majority of those respondents who said “Yes” to Christy Clark for Premier in question #3 selected a response in question 7 we would construe as more receptive to a gay Premier of BC- (“The fact that the candidate was gay would most likely NOT be a factor- “The fact that the candidate was gay would likely NOT be a factor”) - while a clear majority of respondents who responded “Yes” to Bill Vander Zalm for premier selected a response we would construe as less receptive to a gay Premier-(“The fact that the candidate was gay would most likely be a factor-“The fact that the candidate was gay would likely be a factor.”) Moreover, the numbers we would construe as less receptive to a gay Premier are significantly higher in the North and Interior of the province of British Columbia, and higher on Vancouver Island than they are in the city of Vancouver - from where Christy hails.
Christy’s political limitations are even more clearly defined beyond the left-right of the political spectrum. (42%) of respondents who selected the “Yes” response to Christy Clark for Premier support the HST, while (72%) of respondents who selected “No” to Christy Clark also said “No” to the HST. Christy alienated her BC Liberal colleagues by suggesting that a vote on the HST should be held in the Legislature - something that has already occurred, and which if implemented would force her party to contradict themselves for her benefit, while she did not have a seat and could not therefore vote supporting the method of dealing with the HST she is advocating for. Moreover, the general public has been told over and over that they will get a vote in a Referendum following the successful Petition of the Fight HST organization lead by Bill Vander Zalm, Chris Delaney and others. Other BC Liberal candidates have advocated to move up the Referendum date from September 2011 - to the summer of 2011 or about 3 months earlier.
Christy Clark’s support among BC Liberal supporters including margin of error considerations ranges between (17%) low and (30%) high accounting for margin of error. Those BC Liberals who say “No” to Christy Clark range between (50.5%) low and (56.5%) high. If BC Liberal members vote the same way supporters from the general provincial election in 2009 do in this ZEUS ROBBINS poll there is no possible way Christy Clark can win on the first ballot and less liklihood that she is a frontrunner in the BC Liberal leadership race based on averages above random measured against number of candidates in the race. {Where 20% is random, @ 17% Christy is 15% below average and not a frontrunner (nfr); @ 18% 10% < (nfr); @ 19% 5% < (nfr); @ 20% - even (nfr); @ 21% bare front runner (bfr); @ 22%, 23%, 24%, 25%, 26%, 27%, 28%, 29%, 30% Christy Clark is a front runner. In eight of 13 calculations Christy Clark is the front runner based on support above random--with median reflecting a similar average to the outcome or (25%) of BC Liberal support for leadership assuming that Moira Stillwell, Mike de Jong, Kevin Falcon, and George Abbott are all random (20%). Each 5% that the other candidates deviates high or low from the (20%) random incrementally reduces the liklihood that Christy Clark is indeed the front runner or alternatively increases the liklihood that she shares this status with another candidate.
If polls preceding Christy’s entrance into the BC Liberal leadership race are to be believed - and 2 of the five BC Liberal candidates control 15% of BC Liberal support than 3 candidates remaining would thus control the remaining 85% of support or (28.5%) each. Our numbers (and indeed other pollsters numbers) would, given the margin of error suggest that 3 BC Liberal candidates are tied, or one candidate leads Christy. Characterizing her so definitively as the front runner is likely more about public relations and news revenues than fact.
Christy Clark controls the support of (11.1%) of “Yes”/“No” Decided support from voters in the general election in 2009 who also support either the BC NDP or BC Liberals. If you add this to her decided “Yes” support of (7%) she control support of (average) (9%) overall support of voters or just less than 1 in 10. If you include only those declared BC Liberal candidates in the race and the (26%) decided the BC Liberal party currently attracts, than Christy controls (34.6%) of BC Liberal support with the caveat that some of Christy’s support “Yes” comes from other than BC Liberal supporters. If you reduce Christy’s totals by the percentage of those respondents who don’t know who she is (28%) - they equal her base totals to net (6%) and decided (7%) of the (24%) base and (26%) totals of the BC Liberal party. This would produce Christy Clark support numbers relative to BC Liberals at (23%, 25%, 29%, 27%, 34.6%) or average of (27.7%) and median average of (29%)-- a slight trend upward from the (27%) determined in the previous calculation.
Of the just < (50%) of voters who respond either “Yes” to Christy for premier, or “No” to Christy for premier, (21.5%) say “Yes” while (58.5%) say “No”. According to these numbers, the most BC Liberal support Christy could realize out of a 100% total is (26.9%) which is about equal to the total decided support she attracts from the BC Liberal party. These numbers - following polls preceding Christy’s announcement to seek the BC Liberal leadership would suggest that although these numbers are not awful - they aren’t very good because similar to our previous Vancouver City poll - there is evidence that there are too many Vancouverites, too many British Columbians and too many BC Liberal supporters already against Christy Clark making it difficult for her to grow in a political market where more people will be added to the demand for attention. Anecdotally this contention is supported by the number of respondents who answer “No” to Bill Vander Zalm, in part because some say they like what he is doing (Fight HST, Recall), to others who don’t want him to be vilified by the press----where no such anecdotal relief or mitigation is offered to Christy from those respondents against her. Lastly, Christy just came on the more current political scene, whereas Bill Vander Zalm has been on the scene for some time now.
Christy’s ‘best numbers’ originate in the City of Vancouver, her home base, and steadily/rapidly decline as they move eastward, dropping off in the Fraser Valley. She is not well known in the North and Interior of BC or Vancouver Island. Her numbers on Vancouver Island (2% raw “Yes”) and North Interior (1% raw “Yes”) for Premier.
George Abbott, Moira Stilwell, Mike de Jong, Kevin Falcon, Christy Clark and NDP Mike Farnworth--there are 7 names reasonably well mentioned to date--to a declining audience-- associated with the 2 main political parties. This would make Christy’s actual support totals around average based on random (100% divided by 7). As more candidates (particularly New Democrats) enter the scene will Christy Clarks numbers grow in terms of support to total candidates seeking attention relative to random, will they remain average or will they decline?
From these polling numbers we realize that Christy is close in support to one or two other BC Liberals to win the leadership of the party and Premier. We know from 2 polls that she has about one half of voters both in Vancouver and around the province who don’t want her to be Premier. We know that a few New Democrats support her, but are unsure of their motive. We know that her supporters are more likely to support the HST than the average British Columbian is. We know that her supporters are more receptive to a gay Premier - than those respondents who support Bill Vander Zalm whose own support for Premier of British Columbia is anywhere from 2 to 3 times that of Christy Clark. We also know that Christy Clark is shooting for Premier in a short run contest of just more than 2 months. It is not possible for Bill Vander Zalm to be premier in that time. Accordingly, Bill Vander Zalm’s popularity makes no difference to Christy Clark in her quest to be BC Liberal leader and subsequently - Premier of British Columbia. However the validity of the motivations of Christy’s run must be considered in that context.
We also know a few more things about Christy Clark’s candidacy. We know she has boasted that she quit her job at CKNW and “doesn’t have a job”, however we know that two wealthy real estate developers and marketers from the City of Vancouver are bankrolling her. We also know that an unlimited amount of cash is legally permitted to be raised in leadership races. Is Christy to receive compensation for running through these donations or through some side deal with wealthy donors? We know Christy Clark might not be as ethical as she would like some to believe. We know that her name and her family’s name has been tied to the BC Rail corruption hidden away from the public by the BC Courts in conjunction with the BC Attorney General. We know that former Coquitlam mayor Jon Kingsbury has publicly proclaimed to witnesses that Christy paid him 10’s of thousands of dollars to run in a federal election against Conservative James Moore.
We know that her provincial constituency workers were involved with meddling in Federal Liberal nominations including Herb Dhaliwal’s. We have a growing sense that Christy Clark could be unethical. Putting on a smiling face to some - and stabbing others in the back. We know that her marriage didn’t work out. We know she left provincial politics when her son was very young. We know she re-entered politics to run for Vancouver mayor explained in part because it afforded her the opportunity to be close to her son. We are now told that her son at 9 years of age - with a father not in the home any longer and now is apparently no longer in need of his mother to the extent he once was.
Personally, we know Christy is the untreated child of an alcoholic home as a youngster - and just as we knew Gordon Campbell was also an untreated alcoholic (anger, controlling, frothing, spitting) - there are personality profiles that come with this Christy’s history on balance of probability.
Untreated children of alcoholics almost always typify this behaviour: (1) The have difficulty following a project through from beginning to end; (2) They lie when it would be just as easy to tell the truth; (3) Tend to lock themselves into a course of action without serious consideration to alternative behaviour or possible consequence.
Christy has gone to post secondary but appears to have never finished. She became Deputy Premier of the BC Liberal party in 2001 but left the party a few years later when confronted with a tough ministry (Children and Families). She obtained employment in her field at Radio Station CKNW and despite calls from her own colleagues including long time talk show host Bill Good advising her not to run - she quit that job to seek the leadership of the BC Liberal Party. She refused to tell her BC Liberal colleagues if she will stay on and support them if she loses the contest. This evidence clearly presents what the majority of BC voters appear to know - that Christy Clark isn’t a viable leader for the province of British Columbia. If this is the case, then what are Christy’s really real motives for seeking the leadership of the BC Liberal Party and Premier of British Columbia?
At ROBBINS we believe like Woodward and Bernstein (Watergate) that one should follow the money. Christy Clark’s financial backers are wealthy business people from Vancouver - the same who financed Gordon Campbell, whose 3rd mandate was cut short because of his disgraceful lies over the HST and other matters and his equally disturbing efforts in conjunction with the mainstream press to either cover it up or rationalize it. Gordon Campbell is opening up a seat for Christy Clark (all of the other BC Liberal leadership candidates hold a seat in the Legislature) in Point Grey - his constituency, one of the wealthiest ridings in the entire country.
Our polling (and likely other polling out to date) suggests Christy follows her history - she is a big “L” Liberal supported by Liberals. She doesn’t have enough support to win a first ballot run - unless her organization is able to contradict public opinion -- and she blasts through. Her fall back position (and this may be why she refused to pledge to stay on if she loses) is as king or queen maker - likely the former.
We believe Christy’s minimum position is to guarantee by victory or through negotiation another BC Liberal candidate’s victory ---a smooth ride for special interests in the City of Vancouver until the date of the next general election--or if she wins the nomination to plunge the province into a provincial election - and exploit the opportunity for herself and her Vancouver financial backers.
It is our impression that the evidence of the polls, the evidence of reporting, and the personality profile of Ms. Clark including her own dubious history add up to a more likely scenario where her efforts are being used for her own interests and those of the people who are financing her, than any bona fide interest for the province of British Columbia and the people in the province.
Is another run at mayor the next stage in the fallback position?
BC Voters continue to be against the HST. The few anecdotes that suggest awareness of Christy Clark’s announcement to hold a free vote on the HST - made some respondents more angry or confused by it. Some misinterpreted as a signal that they won’t get a vote (Referendum) or when that free vote will take place - including one respondent who felt “she was stalling until the next election”. Despite what some polls are saying (35% or so would vote “Yes” for HST) our numbers continue to suggest that support is increasing more slowly (30.1%) and likely won’t grow through the holiday season and early New Year covering the time of the BC Liberal leadership race - and NDP race.
There are (10.5%) more British Columbians --who voted in the most recent general provincial election in 2009 -- who support a brand new 3rd party then who support the BC NDP and (33%) more who support a brand new 3rd party than who support the BC Liberals. There is an absolute correlation between those respondents who do not support either the BC Liberal or BC NDP parties, who do support a new 3rd party.
There is some anecdotal evidence that the “More” and “Likely” set of responses are interpreted differently from those who select response choices we believe support a gay Premier to those who do not. For those we perceive do not support a gay Premier “More Likely” seems to be the response selection with more anecdotal emphasis, yet the “Likely” and “More Likely” of those respondents who we perceive support a gay Premier is difficult to differentiate based on the anecdotes. In other words “Likely” is less adamant a response to those we perceive do not support a gay premier - where “Likely” could be construed as more adamant a response to those we perceive do support a gay premier.
The generalization of those respondents we perceive do not support a gay Premier is that “gay people don’t see the world the same way as most people” - which would suggest an inference to a gay person’s sexuality making them more predisposed to supporting policy that is consistent with minority rights as all important. The generalization of those respondents we perceive to support a gay Premier is that a gay person’s ability to lead and make decisions is unrelated to their sexual preference.
(Perhaps a test case of analysis of Lesbian Mary Woo Sims of the former BC Human Rights Commission might be in order--just how many good (business) men were buried through this kooky special interest organization?).
Bill Vander Zalm attracts nearly one in five overall respondents - reduced owing to the fact that these same respondents selected BC Liberals or BC NDP in question 1. To be fair these respondents were also deducted from the BC Liberal and BC NDP totals. Respondents were placed in the “No participate” category along with any other respondents who could not appropriately be placed in the other response categories offered. Essentially, Vander Zalm grabbed 8 and 9 per cent respectively from BC Liberal and BC NDP supporters. His ‘net’ number featured in the question comes from 34% of respondents who answered “Yes” to -- At this particular point in time would you seriously consider voting for a 3rd party alternative in British Columbia that is NOT the BC NDP or BC Liberals(?) and 22% of respondents who answered Undecided to that question.
Bill Vander Zalm for Premier scores 2.5 to 3 times the voter support than does Christy Clark for Premier. If an snap provincial election is called it’s because the BC Liberals, BC NDP and media conglomerate are terrified that Vander Zalm could win a minority or even a majority government in 2 years time. The most fearful of the fearful three is Christy Clark, candidate for the BC Liberal Party. Unpopular on her own, she could win leadership - and before she is “found out” by the public - after being boosted by the advertising mainstream press--move to a snap provincial election, thus leaving the BC Conservatives, BC First and others on the centre right unprepared.
The “regular mainstream” U pay it - we say it press is finally busted in this ZEUS ROBBINS poll. The public doesn’t believe them anymore. They were so bias in favour of Gordon Campbell and were by and large negligent during the initial months of the HST debacle of the BC Liberals. The mainstream press was so negligent during the 2009 provincial general election, one has to wonder if it was contrived.
The major faces and voices of the news have been around far too long-have lost their objectivity, and frankly appear to sell the good parts of the status quo political parties and players more than properly cover them using sound journalistic or political science applications. The regular mainstream press appears to be coming increasingly entrenched (almost desperate) with maintaining rationales for the status quo and not for fair and unbiased journalism. It’s costing the regular mainstream press - and it should - they hype for $$, and make often poor and abstract arguments - which apparently doesn’t fly with voters anymore. Everything is changing, the control agents are withering and will begin to lose any control over the political scene in BC.
We believe that wholesale change in the media will be a good thing and would be hopeful that future governments encourage media institutions with home offices in British Columbia, so that our province does not continue to be manipulated by forces from outside the province, particularly Toronto, Ontario.
Despite the poof of hype associated with Christy Clark’s announcement to run for leader of the BC Liberals her numbers are not that good for Premier. It’s important to note that not all voters process Christy running for leader of the BC Liberals, which if successful would make her the Premier, with being Premier --as many filter this question within the context of the BC Liberal vs. BC NDP question. Christy’s opponents need to focus on the question of do you really want Christy Clark for Premier of the province?
Christy’s other problem is that the pool of voters who support either the BC Liberals or BC NDP is shrinking when you buttress those choices up against “NEITHER OF THESE TWO PARTY LABELS” which the other regular pollster neglected to do. In a vacuum - a sensible poll employs this measure, it is necessary to do this, in a promotion it’s something you avoid. Therefore Christy is trying to make a splash to a shrinking audience and Christmas coming up. The quick media hype (likely with consideration of some type) is like a wave, its comes and goes, and now her campaign like the others must work out on the merits and not on the bluster.
Christy Clark’s candidacy at this point in time is well divided among supporters of the BC Liberal party. An investigation of all of her motives for running would be interesting.
We don’t like this woman for leadership. We don’t believe she has the right stuff to lead, she might be entertaining, pretty, personal, many things, but not a leader and certainly not Premier of the province. At ROBBINS we believe that Christy Clark is fundamentally a person who lacks integrity and are hopeful that both the BC Liberal membership and general public come to the same conclusion.
A telephone sample of 729 BC respondents who were voters in the last provincial general election in British Columbia, May - 2009. This poll was conducted December 8-13, 2010 throughout all regions of the province, and not just the lower mainland of BC. Margin of error is 3.63%, 19 times out of 20 @95% confidence.

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