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RSR ROBBINS Research - Canada Politics August 28, 2008
  Aug 28, 2008

Question #1
One of the world’s great Philosophers-- Plato believed that in order for women to be truly equal to men—they should be prepared to fight on the front lines in battle with them. What is your opinion of Plato’s assertion? (Rounded to nearest one half).
I agree with Plato’s assertion regarding equality of gender    31 %
I disagree with Plato’s assertion regarding equality of gender    29 %
I don’t agree with Canadians being involved in any type of armed conflict    39 %
Undecided    12 %
Question #2
Currently, individual and businesses submit their taxes to the federal government in Ottawa which processes these and in turn submits monies back to the provincial governments. Critics have argued that it makes better sense for provinces to collect all taxes and than submit monies to the central government for those items under our Canadian Constitution for which the federal government is responsible. Do you agree with changing the way governments collect taxes?
Yes    53 %
No    30 %
Question #3
If an election were held tomorrow for which leader and party would you caste your ballot? (Rounded to nearest one half) (Rotated) (Leader and Party totals based on 100%)
Stephen Harper and Conservative    34.5 %
Stephane Dion and Liberal    27.5 %
Jack Layton and NDP    19 %
Gilles Duceppe and Bloc    09 %
Elizabeth May and Green    08 %
Other    02 %
Undecided    16 %
Question #4
The Prime Minister of Canada is considering announcing a federal election in early September 2008 to be held mid-October, 2008. The Prime Minister believes this is necessary to put an end to dysfunctional government. Do you agree with the Prime Minister’s decision to hold this general federal election in mid October 2008 on the basis that the present Parliament is dysfunctional? (Rounded to nearest one half)
Yes    57 %
No    39 %
One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors—Plato.
It never ceases to amaze me how so many Canadian political leaders at every level of political endeavour appear to know so little about the art of politics----Glen P. Robbins.
The Numbers:
A significant minority of ‘likely voters’ are of the opinion that Canadians should not be involved in armed conflict—in fact nearly 44% of ‘Decided’ respondents are of this opinion. (51%) of remaining ‘Decided’ respondents (35% of the whole) agreed with the position that for women to be truly equal they would fight on front lines with men—nearly one half of these respondents were women and (74%) of these women were ‘under 50’ years of age.
Canadians in the majority are committed to the idea of changing the way we pay taxes. They believe that their province should collect taxes and than submit their portion to the central government—giving more financial independence to the provinces. Quebec respondents are all in for this with a whopping (67%) ‘Decided’ supporting this—while Ontario supports it the lowest (51%). Just less than two-thirds of ‘Decided’ British Columbians and nearly (70%) of Albertans support this idea. The notion that Canadians are not supportive of duplication of bureaucratic work is not new—however it hasn’t been discussed in terms of its relation to tax collection for some time.
We don’t believe that asking questions 1 and 2 on equality as it relates to armed conflict and reversal of tax collection from federal government to provinces as primary tax collectors is any prejudice to conventional methods of asking which leader and party the respondent is voting for---which is normally at the top. Further, in our test drive of the questions with leader and party up top we found the respondents more unwilling than normal to answer. Because of the random nature of polling it is sometimes easier to illicit more cooperation on more sensitive and personal information if the respondents trust the strategic caller. The first two questions aid in that objective.
More and more Canadians are realizing that the Liberal Party of Canada has probably done more to develop the thick layers of bureaucracy in their belief that somehow this would develop nation building—when in fact—as this ROBBINS poll suggests it has manifested into a reason to dislike a bloated federal government—where federal bureaucrats, lawyers etc. have a license to print ‘easy’ money---hard earned by Canadians.
In our estimation there are currently 5.2 million Canadians prepared to vote for Stephen Harper and Conservatives—after factoring other information-- with 4.1 million prepared to vote for Stephane Dion and Liberals if Undecided’s vote commensurately to Decided votes. If an election is called—and the election is as bland as parliament appears to be for Canadians—there will be a stark drop in turnout—contrary to what is happening south of the border in the United States Presidential election.
Between the leaders and Conservative/Liberal parties-based on a score of 100%--Conservatives would receive 57.3%, while 43.5% would favour the federal Liberals when the third choice offered is ‘Other’ (from corollary questions/samples). When the third choice offered in corollary questions is ‘Neither’ the score out of 100% as between these two parties is 52.5% to 47.5%.
Stephane Dion benefits when the perception of respondents is that both parties are unacceptable. This is reinforced by some respondents who in response to Question #3 have the opinion that part of the reason Parliament is dysfunctional is not just because of Stephane Dion---although there is plenty of that—but also because the Prime Minister has not swiftly and properly responded as a reasonable person might expect a leader to “put an end to the dysfunction”. The majority numbers prepared for the election suggest that the Prime Minister’s numbers may ‘bump up’ with an election call---now, but also suggest that if this is a bluff to influence by-elections in the works—that he will be punished for the political negligence—and seen by voters as conducting his duties in ‘bad faith’.
When ‘Other’ is offered as the third response choice than Undecided is 18%. When ‘Neither’ is offered and Undecided is not offered approximately 08% of respondents demand Undecided anyhow.
With Other factored out, one can fairly see that Stephen Harper and Conservatives would net out at around 33.0% (amended--to be 33.5%) of support overall from respondents, Stephane Dion and Liberals at around 27.0%, Jack Layton and NDP at 19%, Gilles Duceppe and Bloc at 8.5-9.5% and Green at 7.0-8.0%. Further, the NDP and Greens are more likely to take from the Liberals than from the Conservatives. With a Green MP making a historical appearance in the House of Commons—Elizabeth May must be included in all debates—lest the media be accused of favoritism—and Canadians in our view see the media as predominantly Liberal biased—.
It is my professional opinion that when these ‘net’ numbers are combined with the numbers achieved through the main poll featuring all five parties in the telephone sampling and are averaged 'we' have a clear view of where the leaders and parties currently sit in the country as the possibility of an election looms high. That is: Stephen Harper and Conservatives are at 34-35% in national public support, Stephane Dion and Liberals are at 27-28%, Jack Layton and NDP are at 18-19%, Gilles Duceppe and Bloc are at 8.5 to 9.0% and Elizabeth May and Green are at 6.5-7.0%. I don’t believe the Conservatives are tied with the Liberals although statistically they would appear to be close. I base this on the fact that respondents supporting the federal Liberal Party affirm their choice at 7.0 on a ROBBINS scale (with 10 the highest affirmation and 5 the lowest) and this is trending downward. The remaining parties are closer to 8.0.
At this juncture I would suggest that the Liberals ought to be more concerned with the NDP than the Conservatives with the Liberals. The Conservatives can win a majority with 38.0% in support all things being relatively equal. A majority government with less than 40% of national support would ultimately attract significant pressure from other parties and the media (but than again this is Canadian media— so maybe not).
Conservatives are scoring support as follows: BC (30.5%); Prairies (49%); Ontario (37.0%); Quebec (25.0%); Atlantic Provinces (35%).
Liberals are scoring support as follows: BC (25.5%); Prairies (24%); Ontario (33%); Quebec (18.5%); Atlantic Provinces (35%).
NDP are scoring support as follows: BC (33%); Prairies (23%), Ontario (21.5%); Quebec (15.0%); Atlantic Provinces (25%).
The Bloc- Quebec (38%);
The Greens BC (11%); Prairies (03%); Ontario (7.5%); Quebec (03%); Atlantic Provinces (05%).
Let me speak to the New Democrat numbers for a moment. In ROBBINS recent federal polls, our numbers for the NDP continue to be considerably higher than what the mainstream polling- in particular Harris Decima or Strategic Council, offer as their professional suggestions of public support for that party. ROBBINS scores NDP around 18-20%, while these others score it as low as 14%. Although trends can be seen through polls over weeks and months, it remains true that only the current polls have any value (however that is perceived by voters).
At ROBBINS it is our impression that the NDP has been and continues to benefit from a protest factor against the two main parties—where respondents are essentially saying ‘a pox on both your houses’. The additional support attributed by ROBBINS to the federal NDP must also factor growing public support for the NDP in Quebec in the mid teens and the fact that the NDP is now the most popular federal party in the province of British Columbia.
Specifically in the last federal general election in BC—the combined Conservative-Liberal vote was approximately 64%. Currently, ROBBINS shows the Conservative-Liberal federal support totals at 53.0% (amended--54.5--55%), a combined drop of 17% from previous elections totals. Both ROBBINS polls and a recent Angus Reid Strategies poll shows the coalition governing BC Liberal party down 19.5% from its previous 2005 general provincial election totals. These numbers would support our contention that the federal affiliates--coalition are losing support in BC. Who benefits? Likely the NDP or Green or to a lesser extent ‘Other’.
The ROBBINS/ and the/ ANGUS REID polls (Telephone-Internet) in BC of late have revealed that the provincial NDP is around 40-43% public support after considering party support and leader support (where party is X times 70% plus X times 75% then divided by two—and leader is Y times 25% and Y times 20% divided by two and the average of final X and final Y are added). The historical correlation between BC provincial NDP and federal NDP has been approximately {federal NDP is 86-91% of BC NDP totals}. If the reader believes the combined efforts of ROBBINS and ANGUS REID in the province of BC than the BC totals for the NDP party both federally and provincially correlate functionally from a political science and statistical perspective. This would establish the NDP federally all other things relatively equal at 17-17.5% and sets the stage for a discussion of the NDP and Quebec politics.
The combined advantages that we see for the NDP nationally based on Quebec and BC (the second and third most populous provinces) suggests a national bump (against previous totals) of 3.5%. In order for the NDP to be 14% as some mainstream polls suggest the federal NDP would have to be in the mid to low 20’s in BC and virtually non- existent in Quebec. Bear in mind the NDP has achieved around 17% in previous general federal elections. If as the Prime Minister of Canada suggests---and the majority of respondents in this ROBBINS poll agree-that Parliament has become dysfunctional---it is less likely that the blame would thus be attached to the party which is third in public support---unless Jack Layton follows through on his previous position that he doesn’t want an election.
Certainly the election of star candidate Thomas Mulcair in that province by any measure should reflect positively on NDP totals. Indeed the NDP had no where to go but up from lows of 5 and 6% public support. An increase in popular support in Quebec of 10% which ROBBINS believes is the case provides a national bump to the NDP of approximately 2.38%. This puts us in the 19-20% range for NDP national totals.
Marginally increased support in Ontario predicated on economic difficulties in that province—and crumbling support for both the Ontario provincial Liberal and Progressive Conservative parties as a consequence of economic uncertainty---ultimately contributes to the higher federal NDP total in this ROBBINS poll which gives evidence the Liberals may be in trouble. The Ontario improvement may be marginal perhaps 1 to 1.25%--but nationally it would give the federal party a bump of about 1.14%.
In any event---- while the national Conservative support is solid if not a little static and the Liberal support stagnant—the Bloc without real tangible evidence of further federal malfeasance but with sufficient evidence that the Canadian Parliament doesn’t work. Gilles Duceppe is elated///I would guess so. His party ought to have been decimated to ten or twenty seats but appears to be in good stead to keep near or all of his seats—. ---
I have never believed the Green Party will attain 10%. They have a real opportunity now that former federal Liberal ‘rinsed Independent’ and now Green—Blair Wilson of Vancouver 2010 Olympics in West Vancouver------has that parties first seat (this is the first serious partisan political news pre-election)-----. Although I would not give odds that the Greens win another seat---I would not be knocked off my chair if they did. Liberal Party supporters are in a word—‘unhappy’ and West Vancouver is the wealthiest community in the country.
The Conservatives need help with their advertising. Here’s what I would like to see the Conservatives do. First, abandon the pathetic ads they waste so much money on with that same ‘women in a bubble’ voice over. Use the song “We gotta get outa this place” by Eric Burdon and the Animals. Produce a commercial that is as long as this song. The visual with feature shots of the Liberals walking away from votes—during the verse of the song---and at the chorus will show Stephen Harper appearing among the regular people—spliced in with visuals in other countries, summits etc. but this latter element should only be one-fourth of the visuals with the common man. In the second verse---shots of Trudeau FLQ---Chrétien choking that protestor, the incident with the pepper spray---and than back to Stephane Dion and Liberals walking away from vote. Chorus back to Harper---last 30 seconds of the commercial with an entire blue screen with Conservatives written in a form more like Chevrolet---Chevy—you know. Buy CNN time up here in the markets that offer---and also buy some American time. No voters but the kiss back from US about the commercial in Canada will be worth its weight in gold.
In return for this powerful gift---I want $700,000,000. dollars for security for the 2010 Olympics—but not to Campbell---I want you to give it to me.
The Prime Minister should offer the film industry in Canada $150,000,000 in additional tax credits—, with the clear understanding that any movies produced for commercial viewing in Canada will have to take the highest restrictions for viewing—. Canadians aren’t against more explicit material with taxpayer’s dollars if it is artistic and generally recognized by reasonable persons in the community involving special skills as such—this would be the essence of the mutual good faith from the point of disbursement by the government to the point of delivery of the product into the artistic world, OR the commercial world. I would hope that sensible people could contemplate a way to ensure that the artistic and cultural skills Canadians in film have---can manifest into top end film—recognized around the world-AND produce top flight commercial work that may not be as artistically recognized but still showcases Canadians as producers of excellent commercial work—which employs Canadians. This surprise announcement would let the Prime Minister move immediately to the centre---the high number of male Undecided’s, and the historical propensity for men to vote in higher numbers for Harper suggests to me that he can bring them into the fold eventually. At the beginning of the election he wants to crowd Dion—Layton-Duceppe and May into a political phone booth while he hold the door shut.
With innovative film and commercial enterprise in mind I would ask the Prime Minister if could help me get a work permit for my good friend---and great future contributor to ROBBINS—Mario Alfreider—from Austria. I am looking for a work permit for him—He is a terrific young man and I vouch for him on my good name. You can send the paperwork to me at my address: 1355 Honeysuckle Lane, Coquitlam BC V3E 2N6. Here is Mario’s background: Name: Mario Alfreider (born in Austria 1982); Current Address: Vancouver B.C. Austrian Address: Kaiserweg 11, 6372 Oberndorf i.T. In Canada (again) since April 14th 2008. In a relationship with Lindsay (Canadian) for 2 and a half years. Finished Austrian school of flight technology in 2001, but have been working in the Skateboard and snowboard industry ever since.
Although there is no scientific correlation- ROBBINS believes that the easy selection of ‘Neither’ in corollary samples (50) (against Conservative and Liberal as two choices only) suggests that two things are happening with ‘Neither’. Either the respondent is truly disinclined to choose either of the two main parties (the pox on both your houses theory) or is actually Undecided. It is our opinion based on the evidence provided that it is currently the former consideration particularly as this relates to the almost irrational amount of time the Prime Minister and his party have invested in Stephane Dion and his Liberal parliamentary non-effort.
Our question number 2 regarding the Prime Minister’s decision to call an election for mid-October supports in part the theory that Canadians are becoming increasingly disenchanted with both the Conservative and Liberal parties—which might ultimately benefit the third choice—the NDP. The majority of respondents agree with Prime Minister Harper’s assertion that an election should be called owing to dysfunctional government—Parliament. One half of Undecided respondents agree with an election call—a majority of NDP, Bloc and Green respondents want an election call.
These respondents (‘Other’ than the two main parties) comprise far less than one half of all respondents who want an election call---yet the Conservative-Liberal decided supporters comprise nearly two-thirds of all respondents. What is the explanation? Liberal supporters don’t want an election call. Just slightly more than one quarter of Stephane Dion and Liberal supporters want an election call. This isn’t an expression of confidence.
If Stephane Dion wants to be successful he would not have been so proud to tell the Prime Minister he couldn’t meet him until after the day after the by-elections. Instead, he ought to have met with him---mollified the Prime Minister to buy time---waiting for the by-election results—and reconfigured strategy from that point forward. However, who am I to tell Stephane Dion? It’s unlikely—he is a little like Republican Presidential candidate John McCain in this way---hard to finish off---and comes from behind---all the time.
If we see Ignatieff ‘early’ its means the party isn’t willing to risk another comeback with the entire voting population of Canada.
When former Canadian Alliance leader Stockwell Day started beating his chest with Jean Chrétien—the former Liberal PM dropped the Writ and ‘smoked him’ in the subsequent federal general election. End of story-end of noise. Now Public Safety Minister Stockwell Day is stopping jailbirds from playing tennis—rather than ripping into criminals still on the street.
Stephane Dion is too busy to meet with you Mr. Prime Minister—yet Jack Layton will.
If the Prime Minister let’s the ‘poser’ have his way---the poser becomes his master. Barack Obama may be a liberal---but he is a U.S. liberal. The name of his party has Democrat in it—this helps Layton. Jack you want an election call now while the wave is cresting—not after Obama is (potentially) elected-and particularly when John McCain would appear to mirror more a Canadian Conservative---Republican lite---McCain’s numbers will certainly be in the high 40’s and if he wins, likely 50% or better.
Prime Minister Harper speaks to the vast majority of his own party supporters, and to a large number of ‘Other’ party supporters—when he suggests that government is dysfunctional. This suggests that there is an intrinsic belief among Canadians that the Liberals are to blame for dysfunctional government based on the fact that the majority of Conservatives and a solid chunk of the NDP, Greens and Bloc believe it is dysfunctional—even if some of these see mutual contributory negligence on the part of the governing Conservatives and the Opposition Liberals. If this theory is valid, than how long will it be before Canadians start blaming the Prime Minister and his party MORE than Stephane Dion for dysfunctional government?
The government is dysfunctional—because the Conservatives are in power---and the bureaucracy is Liberal. The theory goes that the bureaucrats serve whoever is in power. Who really believes this nonsense anymore—accept some tenured PhD’s who write and sell text books at college campuses in Canada?
Canadians in the west generally have a lower opinion-an overall mistrust of central Canada—while Canadians in central Canada have appeared historically dismissive of Canadians in the west. Western Canadians have never understood Quebec, yet British Columbians (though different) have a similar progressive social attitude like Quebec. British Columbians also don’t trust Ottawa, and neither does Quebec. Gilles Duceppe should come to BC---and give a speech. How many would attend?
The Prime Minister should announce that he will seek a Constitutional amendment to make both aboriginals and Quebec distinct societies in the Canadian federation. We will plan to make other distinguishable cultures distinct in our Constitution in the next fifty years. English, Scottish, Irish, German---initially following the path of the earliest settlers and than including others who helped build the country, Chinese, Sikh etc.
The orthodox approach to federalism which pervades a slow moving almost Neanderthal central government and bureaucracy in Canada is quickly facing a non confidence of Canadians throughout the country. The apologies though late in coming look surreal like they are from the 1980’s. All of us who have been screwed over by crazy people in government should get our apology and our compensation. Look let’s stop the pompous ass bullshit---the Toronto Stock Exchange would be unnecessary if Canadians didn’t buy RRSP’s. Once that goes----the banks follow—will be nationalized---a national minimum wage instituted---and now we are admitting who we are---a nation. No longer this sick little insider’s game.
What BC and Quebec have in common with the Prairies and the Atlantic Provinces is a growing mistrust of both the Conservatives and the Liberals. Stephane Dion is not the Prime Minister. Between these two leaders they should figure out that a promise of change real change has to be forthcoming. Dion comes from Martin---it was an egregious political miscalculation. Martin sent in his man servant from BC—not to aid his party but to ensure that his legacy of 31% was not met—forcing the Liberals ultimately to completely rebuild—and distance himself from this political embarrassment.
There is a strong sense from BC to Saskatchewan that Canada is really not a federation. If it is a federation it is asymmetrical—where the money flows from the west—from where food is grown—to where rich natural resources are extracted----all the way across this great land to a bank account in Ontario—where the perception is that that province is a dying economy--- and much of that money on to Quebec which simply extracts any demands it can get— and also on to the Atlantic Provinces which are perceived by the west as a ‘hand out’ region—when this is beginning to change. This is why a majority of Canadians can visual a better federation to be designed with more power to the provinces (tax collection) and a smaller central government.
Four out of ten Quebecers or more don’t believe in the federation (at all)—but while they are in it—will take all they can get. Newfoundland and Labrador is starting to ‘rock’---economically (and could care less what anyone thinks of it---thanks in part to Danny Williams), while the remaining Atlantic Provinces have never come to terms with the lousy deal they got by entering Confederation. But Williams and other Atlantic leaders are beginning to realize that the best way for them to stay elected or otherwise popular is to ‘moon’ Ottawa every chance they get.
Canada isn’t that old. Canada has never been that federated. Through the cold war and the period just prior to the end of the first cold war—when Canada’s Charter of Rights was being dreamed up---there was the perception that somehow Canada was evolving into something great. I believe Canada was always more of an aggregation of a small population most of whom were sufficiently far from authority—the central government—to buy into the theory. But nothing institutional about Canada remains as it was. Its institutions---courts, parliament, and media have become less credible as more people are able to gather information---knowledge on their own—and form more credible opinions of the reality of themselves and their role in the country. The difficulty lies in the fact that the political establishment and institutions in the country have remained the same---they haven’t evolved, while at the same time the citizenry has stopped believing the propaganda designed to support government efficacy. The central government has become more adept at grabbing money from the people---yet the central government has become less adept at providing public service----and NOW they are being found out.
People who seek power are perceived to be “in it for themselves”, “they do as they please anyhow—so go ahead call an election.”
This is not good if you are trying to successfully manage a fledgling---somewhat ‘soft’ democracy. The huff and puff///bluff that used to make us look good to outsiders (particularly against the real rumblings of the United States) ---are not longer easily ‘bought’ into by other nations—who ever since Afghanistan have begun to look at Canada more as peacemakers than peacekeepers (if we ever really were peacekeepers in the classic sense of that definition). Now with the Americans moving swiftly to renewal—Canadians will have to ask themselves how relevant we really are on the International scene. It will never happen if we continue to carry on the way we have over the past two years. Although much of the blame squarely is placed with Dion, it is now splashing over onto the Prime Minister. With his party ‘bench’ not looking very deep---he will need to revitalize and introduce new blood—particularly blood NOT from Ontario---but that is where he needs to gain seats from!
Let’s be honest here. Russia and China have modeled their governments after Canada. Canada is far more a socialist-lite country than a true democracy. This isn’t to say that we should base our democracy on the market exclusively---this is silly. However— government exists to serve the people not the existing corporatism where government and corporations decide policy and pay themselves the taxation/ransom taken from the citizens.
It is the people, small business, and entrepreneurship that make any country work. We haven’t properly applied this formula in Canada.
The good news is that the gender support for the PM and his party is becoming more even, the bad news (may be) that the majority of Undecided are male—who have traditionally been more inclined to support his party.
I don’t think that any of the regions of the country believes that central Canada—Ontario and specifically Toronto ‘gets it’—or get’s them. The NDP has always made the mistake that its policies ought to be drafted from a Toronto perspective. This could be because Jack Layton and his wife—are both from Toronto—and Torontonians have a conspicuous history of being someone egocentric in their political thinking.
My point is that to move past what some Canadians refer to as a ‘fringe’ party the NDP must articulate policy that looks a little populist—a little Reform. Many of these potential NDP supporters are anti-Ottawa, protectionist---with perhaps less smitten with same sex candidates in suburban ridings. Canadians may be tolerant—but they are sufficiently narcissistic to vote for people more similar to themselves—which would include visible minorities where the population has a high percentage of these. Run gays and lesbians in Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal---hire consultants who are not NDP-Liberal—but are Conservative Democrats to help articulate policy in rural ridings where the NDP has some success already—and in suburban ridings where urban pre-occupations are not so glaring—and less supported.
Jack—wear a cowboy hat— or a fireman’s hat---or a policeman’s hat----you’ve got a moustache.
The Prime Minister is looking at a seat bump of 10 in Ontario---many of his ministers in this Parliament are from Ontario---this was necessary. It hasn’t worked out the way he hoped. His Ontario ministers conduct themselves as if they are still in provincial government or are only acting for that province.
His BC ministers are a mess. We repeat---the biggest mistake the PM made was to not produce a bona fide BC Conservative Party—there is every evidence the Conservative-Liberal coalition has fractured in that province (it fractured eight months ago//it takes the press here that long to catch up//about the same length of time it gets the public service here to satisfy a general request)—making NDP the new word in protest against Ottawa. What else are westerners supposed to do—when even the most strident anti-Ottawa cranks who are elected to change things—morph into precisely what they were voting against in the first place?
The Prime Minister has made in roads in Quebec and may yet do better—and has kept his totals up in the Atlantic Provinces (while Liberals have fallen). All media indications suggest he will call an election. Does he really have a choice-now?
Glen P. Robbins
A random telephone sample of 1,055 respondents througout Canada and all provinces including: 405 (ontario); 250 (Quebec); 135 (BC); 115 (Alberta); 30 (Saskatchewan); 35 (Manitoba) 30 (Nova Scotia); 25 (New Brunswick); 10 PEI; 20 Newfoundland and Labrador--(adjusted for demographics--particularly gender). THIS ROBBINS poll was conducted between August 22-28, 2008 and features a margin of error of 2.5%, 19 times out of 20 @ 97% confidence/competency-predicated on orthodox statistical methodology and ROBBINS overview--lowering margin of error from > 3.0%, and increasing confidence in respondents choices as they relate specifically to leader and party choices. This poll was funded by GPR and Associates---, in part by Jim Van Rassel--as well as a third party unrelated to Canadian politics.

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